While country music may seem pretty simple at first glance, any of you who’ve really tried to get into the genre know how complex it can be. The lead playing is lightning fast, the instrumentation complex, and though country shares a lot of common ground with both rock and the blues the songs are generally constructed in a very different way. Reference Brad Paisley, Waylon Jennings, and Merle.
So if you’ve always wanted to get into the genre, you’ve come to the right place. The sections below will give you a great primer of some of the techniques of country music, as well as a basic rundown on how many country songs are constructed.
- Know Your Roots
- What The Cluck? Chicken Pickin’ and You
- Keys, Chords, and Scales
- The Telecaster Explained
- Country Pedals, Amps, and Picks
Know Your Roots
Where did country music come from? The first genre most people would point to would most likely be Bluegrass. While that’s not wrong, it’s not the whole truth. Well what about the blues? Almost all of modern pop music (pop music in the academic sense, meaning everything outside of classical, opera, and jazz), and country can’t be the exception there, right? Again, kind of.
The real answer is that during the inception of the genre as we understand it today, country drew from almost everything. The quick licks you here today are an obvious hold-over from the days when Bluegrass and other types of Appalachian music held sway, but the genre still retains a lot of tonalities and musical ideas from the blues and early rock and roll. There’s also a pretty heavy jazz influence, evident in both western swing (an off-shoot of country and jazz) and the heavy emphasis the genre places on improvisation.
What The Cluck? Chicken Pickin’ and You
Chicken Pickin’ as we know it today is a bit complex. It’s a rhythmic hybrid picking technique, and there are several key factors in getting it to work. This section is going to be a bit more mechanical than the one above, so it might help to try out what I’m about to tell you on your guitar while I’m reading this.
Alright, when I chicken pick I think of the bass notes (the 4th through 6th strings) as a reinforcement to what I’m playing on the higher strings. So to prevent the lead line from getting muddied, I generally palm mute the lower strings.
Next, part of chicken’ picking is plucking the 1st through 3rd strings with your finger. Do this hard enough to get a nice “pop” out of the note. That’s generally referred to as a “cluck”.
Next is what’s sometimes referred to as the “scratch”. This part is actually pretty simple, just leave your finger resting on the string and pick. You shouldn’t get any note out of this part, just the sound of the string being struck. The technique itself isn’t very hard in all honesty, it just takes some practice.
Keys, Chords, and Scales
So generally, the actual structure of most country songs is pretty simple. The main chords used are the: I’s, IV’s, V(7ths), and the VI’s. So for instance a, I, IV, VI, V chord progression in the key of C would be: C, F, Am, and G. The general gist of this system is that it’s based off the tones of the scale and a pretty basic formula for chords. The notes in the key of C are: C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C. The chord types you’d use are in this order: major (C Major), minor (D Minor), minor (E Minor), major (F Major), major (G Major), minor (A Minor), diminished seventh (B Diminished 7th), major (C Major).
For those of you who want to learn more about the Roman Numeral system, or as it’s sometimes referred to the “Nashville Number System”, a quick Google search will give you some great examples.
As far as scales go, country uses the major and major pentatonic scale almost exclusively. The Major Scale was outlined above, and the major pentatonic is simply a major scale without any half-steps (one fret to another is a half step). The minor and minor pentatonic scales (as well as some modes) are used on occasion, but not too often.
The tricky part about playing country lead is trying to wrap your head around “chromatic movements”. A chromatic movement is when you use a note outside of a key as a way to build musical tension. Generally, the way you approach this is that you play one fret above or below your target note, and quickly slide into it. This technique takes some practice, but if you can pull it off it’s a great tool.
The Telecaster Explained
Why is the Fender Telecaster so ubiquitous in country music? Well the answer is actually pretty simple. It’s partly because it was such a popular guitar among the early country lead players. The other part is that it’s easy to pull great country tones out of.
You see, the Telecaster’s default state is a “twangy” guitar tone that’s very well suited to country. If you put a Tele into a clean amp and play a major lick, you’ve probably already got a sound that would work perfectly for any country song.
But the thing is, you don’t need a Telecaster to play country, it’s just the easiest way to go about it. If you have a single coil guitar and an amp with a great clean sound you can pull out a very workable country tone with a bit of work and careful adjustments to your picking technique.
You don’t need to buy a special guitar for country, and anyone who tells you that you do is misinformed. However, you may need to put in a bit of effort to get a good country tone.
Country Pedals, Amps, and Picks
So when it comes to gear, there’s no right answer. However, there are a lot of good answers. So I’m not going to give specific recommendations (you can find those in the next section), but I will walk you through some of the things you should be looking for.
The compressor will help smooth out your tone, as well as making sure you can get a consistent output while chicken pickin’. You don’t need to break the bank, just find something you like.
For your overdrive pedal, pick something that’s really easy to tweak. There are several different flavors to country overdrive and distortion, so you’ll need a versatile pedal. As for delay, get the best one you can afford. Delay is an effect that needs to sound good at very subtle levels in country music, so you really don’t want to skimp here.
When looking for a country amp, you want something that handles cleans well. A lot of country music features either very clean or tastefully overdriven amps. Generally for country, you want something based on a Fender amplifier, though Vox would be pretty suitable as well.
But amps, like guitars, are a bit more subjective. One of the most important things of finding the right gear is keeping an open mind. Will the average guitarist use a cranked Marshall to play country? No, but with the right gear and the right technique, someone could easily be the exception to that rule.
Your choice in guitar pick is probably one of the most important factors in getting the tone you want. Guitar picks have a drastic effect on the sound of your guitar, and the wrong pick can really hold you back.
For instance, out of the main genres I play on the electric guitar (country, punk, blues, and soul) I have a unique set of guitar picks for each. I carefully gauge which response, thickness, and tone I need for each situation and choose my pick accordingly. And I’m by no means a gear snob, I’ve gigged with everything from a Godin Telecaster Copy (sub $300) to a $2500 dollar vintage Gibson. It’s all about picking the right tool for the right job.
When selecting a pick for country, you need to think about what complements your technique and gear the best. If you have a darker voiced guitar, you may need a brighter pick to compensate. Also, if you have trouble picking quickly, you may need to switch pick thickness. Country guitar is generally voiced brightly with a very snappy response, so getting that kind of tone should be your goal.
But thankfully, picks are cheap. I would strongly recommend grabbing a few different sets once you’ve finished reading this. The effect it has on your playing and tone will surprise you.
So I’m not going to recommend really big things here. We’ve got specialty articles dedicated to that, and there’s no point in repeating ourselves. So instead this is going to focus on easy and (relatively) cheap ways to “country-fy” the rig you already have.
The choice of gigging guitarists the world over, D’Addario’s EXL110 Nickel Would Guitar Strings pose a great value to any musician. Manufactured in the U.S.A., every D’Addario string set ships in a corrosion resistant package, ensuring that the strings you buy will always arrive fresh. D’Addario strings are also made with a unique hex core, allowing the wire wrapping to grip tighter and last longer.
Why I Recommend This: D’Addario has a well deserved reputation for making great strings, and selling them at a very fair price. Aside from that, nickel strings have a very bright voicing and a lot of “snap” making them a cheap and easy way to get a bit closer to good country tone.
If you or a budding guitarist is on the hunt for a great instrument that won’t break the bank, look no further than the Squier Affinity Telecaster. Sporting an alder body with a gloss polyurethane finish, 2 Fender designed single coil pickups, and a 6 saddle top loading bridge, this Squier is more than capable of meeting whatever challenges you have to throw at it.
Why I Recommend This: Picking up a Squier Telecaster is a great way to see whether or not a Telecaster is a good fit for you. This one isn’t too expensive, and if you decide you want to move on to a better model it should retain a pretty good portion of its value. Most Squiers are also made out of decent wood, so it would also provide a pretty solid platform for modding should you decide to go that route.
If you’ve always been curious as to which pick is the right choice for you, the Dunlop 12 Pick Variety pack is a great way to test out a variety of picks in several different materials and thicknesses. Made in the U.S.A, every Dunlop pick is made from high quality materials guaranteed to take your playing to the next level.
Why I Recommended This: The easiest way to tweak your tone is to invest in a few different kinds of picks. This package fills that role admirably.
Like every genre, there’s a lot that goes in to country guitar. While this article is by no means comprehensive, hopefully it gave you enough information to start down the road of becoming a great country guitar player.