Fender Princeton Reverb (original issue, 1963-1981)
During its long and storied run the princeton line of amps with 2 band tone controls udnerwent few significant revisions. Fender played fast and loose with the use of 5AR4 or 5U4 rectifier tubes as evidenced by exampels with originals tube sintact... read more
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edited about 2 years ago
This was my 1st amp. Not my 1st tube amp, my 1st amp. It was given to me by one of my uncles who is primarily a classical guitarist. At first I played it with my 1st guitar, an mij squire strat. Classic 60s tones. Fender Princeton Reverbs feature 1 channel with volume, treble, bass, trem speed, trem intensity and reverb controls. The 2 effects can be controlled via the classic 2 button footswitch with an RCA jack. The back features a courtesy outlet for another amp or whatever (but its non-polarized with no ground pin) and an external speaker jack to add a 2nd cab for more projection. The preamp is classic blackface 2 band EQ like channel 1 on a bandmaster head feeding a cathodyne phase inverter instead of a long-tailed pair that keeps the preamp tube count down to 3 12ax7es (2 stages for preamplification, 1 stage trem oscillator for the swampy bias-vary tremolo, 1 stage phase inverter, and 2 stages for reverb drive and recovery). The amp runs 2 6V6 tubes in fixed bias for a respectable 15 watts of clean tone through a 10" speaker (the PI structure probably cuts the wattage a bit, but its part of the sound) and she is tube rectified. The tube chart calls for a 5U4 rectifier (which is way overspec for a 15 watter, Leo was the man), but mine had the stock RCA rectifier, the robust and manly GZ34 (that can easily power a 40 watt amp with only a hint of tasteful sag). I have seen many 60s Princetons and they always have a GZ34, whereas the silverface ones have 5U4s.
This amp is almost a single channel deluxe reverb, but the difference in the style of tremolo phase inverter and plate voltage on the 6V6es give this fender a softer, touch sensitive sound and feel that's closer to the brownface amps preceeding it. This was my only amp from '92 to around '99 and remained my go-to until '02. I paid my dues, jazz, rock and blues on this little demon. I particularly liked it paired with a Guild SF1 or my Carvin sh225. I pretty much ran her right at the edge of overdrive in all scenarios with both tone controls around 5 and then added drive and level with a conservatively set tubescreamer (at 1st a TS5, later a TS9). A guy I was in a rock band with collects all different princetons from brownface to silverface chasing my old sound. Go figure.
Mine had an alnico JBL speaker installed by the guy who sold it to my family (who I know personally, what a crazy, awesome dude). Stock it had an oxford, so I was happy to have the JBL. The story goes that this cat who installed the JBL had done some tech work for Blood Sweat & Tears and wasn't paid, so he swiped this from the guitrarist in payment. Being a bassist he didn't want to keep it, so he upgraded the speaker and gave it to my dad who promptly sold it to my uncle. Then I was born and the rest is history.
In the blackface line I feel there are no amps sweeter than the princetons. Being older and wiser I now know that the non-reverb models sound better. The reverb bogs the circuit down. Unless you are a die hard Fender surfy reverb fanatic (and don't have scratch for a Fender outboard reverb), get a non-reverb. They are cheaper and better. Ask Mike Campbell of Tom Petty's Heartbreakers.
I do not recommend turning this amp way up into distortion. As you get her past a semi-dirty tone she exhibits the boxy and ill-defined power-amp saturation that most blackface amps have. The dimed small amp thing is not her forte because she is not built or voiced like a small, student amp. If you want that sound get a tweed deluxe or Gibson equivalent (like the ga14 or ga6).That said, her edge-of-breakup tones are to die for and the clean sound is pure 1960s Americana. Through a larger cabinet wired for 8 ohms she can keep up with a drummer set dead clean (unless you have really hot tubes in V1 and V2). I used to keep a handful of different tubes with me for V1 (12au7, 12at7, 12ax7 and super hot European ecc83 ax7 varieties) to vary my gain for each gig. Also, the bias vary trem on this amp (erroneously termed vibrato by fender) is to die for. This is the tweed tremolux and vibrolux sound you have heard so much about. In fact, the preceeding brownface and white knob princetons with their single tone control are direct descenats of those late 50s tweeds with trem. Pretty much any version of the Princeton from 1960/61 until about 1981 (when Rivera added lame-o overdrive circuits to everything and put a 2 after their model names... GAAAAH! damn you mooooooother-FUCKER!) is a total winner and you should buy one if you see one for under a grand these days.
Sweet Vintage Tone
The reissues fix a lot of original issues like notoriously violent and unpredictable volume taper. Don't let the wattage fool you, this thing bites back! I've struggled to find a gig this won't serve, certainly given a quality PA with good monitoring. This, for practical reasons, though has now become a home/studio amp. Given shipping expenses, I largely go out with a digital rig now, but there are times I long for this little baby to be shouting at me from the backline. It's one of those amps where you go direct with your guitar, dial in some reverb and just let the notes ring. It's a delight.
Amazing cleans, incredible responsiveness, beautiful OD at bedroom level
I got this amp after deciding to downsize from my 60 watt 2x12 Fender Hot Rod Deville. The 68' custom shop Princeton Reverb RI is without a doubt the cleanest amp I have ever played and is also by far the most responsive to my guitar's volume, and subtle variations in playing dynamics. VERY strongly recommend this amp to the guitar player that wishes to have a great sound for anything from country, to jazz, and yes, even metal. It's also got modern tweaks that eliminate noise and plays well with my large pedalboard.
During its long and storied run the princeton line of amps with 2 band tone controls udnerwent few significant revisions. Fender played fast and loose with the use of 5AR4 or 5U4 rectifier tubes as evidenced by exampels with originals tube sintact with tube charts that do not match the factoryisntalled rectifier tube! The effect on the response of a 12 watt amp is very subtle at anything less than full volume and the tubes can be interchanged freely if you have both types and a bias adjustment will probably not even be needed. The other significant change came during the silverface CBS period when the volume pot was converted to a push-pull gain boost. Most people ignore this feature. Every other change had to do with the layout of the circuit. CBS made changes to all of the amps to streamline production. These changes defintiely icnreased the noise floor but its debatable whether they influence the sound of the amp. Fender also varied OEM speakers a lot during the 60s and 70s. While many will claim jensen was the original OEM for a princeton it seems to vary from year to year with OEM ceramic 10" speakers being supplied by Oxford, Utah and later CTS and Eminence.